Table 4. Repayment times [years] for direct (dLUC), indirect (iLUC), and total land-use change


Repayment time [year]
Case Study dLUC iLUC Total
Oil Palm
Beluran District, Malaysia 76 0 76
Prafi, Manokwari, Indonesia 58 25% 2 59
50% 4 61
75% 6 63
Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan, Indonesia 199 25% 7 206
50% 14 213
75% 21 220
Boven Digoel District, Papua, Indonesia 84 25% 0 85
50% 1 85
75% 1 85
Jatropha* C E O C E O C E O
Pru, Brong Ahafo, Ghana 129 90 71 6 4 3 135 94 71
Yucatan, Mexico 101 76 60 0 0 0 101 76 60
Michocan, Mexico 183 105 72 25% 144 84 59 327 189 131
50% 288 168 118 471 273 190
75% 432 252 176 615 356 248
Chiapas, Mexico 30 14 7 25% 253 148 111 283 162 111
50% 506 296 208 536 310 215
75% 600 350 246 629 364 253
Chinsali & Mungwi, Zambia 95 20 94 26 188 46
Soybean      
Sorriso, Brazil 41 0 41
Guarantã do Norte & Alta Floresta, Brazil 7 25% 10 18
50% 21 28
75% 31 38
Santarém, Brazil 16 25% 47 64
50% 103 120
75% 155 171
25%, 50% and 75% represent the low, medium and high iLUC scenarios
* next to iLUC scenarios, repayment times of Jatropha biodiesel are also calculated based on C: conservative; E: estimated; O: optimistic yield estimations