Table 2. Carbon debt due to direct (dLUC) and indirect land-use change (iLUC) expressed in terms of both carbon and CO2-eq


dLUC ha-1 iLUC ha-1 Total ha-1
Case study Mg CO2 Scenario Mg CO2 Mg CO2
Oil Palm
Beluran District, Malaysia 698.8 0.0 698.8
Prafi,Manokwari, Indonesia 456.4 25% 15.4 472.8
50% 30.8 487.2
75% 46.2 502.6
Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan, Indonesia 1578.9 25% 54.9 1633.8
50% 109.8 1688.7
75% 164.7 1743.7
Boven Digoel District, Papua, Indonesia 710.9 25% 0.8 711.6
50% 1.6 712.4
75% 2.3 713.2
Jatropha
Pru, Brong Ahafo, Ghana C 246.8 11.4 258.2
  E 239.8 11.0 250.7
  O 232.7 10.5 243.2
Yucatan, Mexico C 190.1 0.0 190.1
  E 184.5 0.0 184.5
  O 178.9 0.0 178.9
Michoacan, Mexico C 144.2 25% 113.6 257.8
50% 227.2 371.4
75% 340.8 485.0
  E 140.0 25% 112.3 252.3
50% 224.7 364.6
75% 337.0 477.0
  O 135.7 25% 111.1 246.8
50% 222.2 357.9
75% 333.2 469.0
Chiapas, Mexico C 23.5 25% 199.5 223.1
50% 399.1 422.6
75% 472.6 496.1
  E 18.3 25% 197.9 216.3
50% 395.9 414.2
75% 468.8 487.2
  O 13.2 25% 196.4 209.5
50% 392.7 405.9
75% 465.0 478.2
Chinsali & Mungwi, Zambia C 32.3 26.7 59
  E 24.7 24.5 49
  O 17.1 22.4 39
Soybean
Sorriso, Brazil 134.5 0.0 134.0
Guarantã do Norte & Alta Floresta, 23.5 25% 33.6 57.1
Brazil 50% 67.2 90.7
75% 100.9 124.3
Santarém, Brazil 55.3 25% 159.1 214.4
50% 345.9 401.2
75% 518.8 574.1
25%, 50% and 75% represent the low, medium and max iLUC scenarios
C: conservative; E: estimated; O: optimistic