Table 1. Area converted to biofuel and the direct (dLUC) and indirect land-use change (iLUC) thus triggered


Case Study dLUC Type of conversion iLUC Type of conversion
Oil Palm
Beluran District, Malaysia 100% Lowland tropical rainforest 0%
Prafi,Manokwari, Indonesia 48% Lowland tropical primary rainforest 0%
43% Lowland tropical secondary rainforest
9% Agricultural land N.A. Lowland tropical primary rainforest
Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan, Indonesia 84% Tropical peatland forest 0%
4% Swamp 0%
12% Agricultural land N.A. Tropical peatland forest
Boven Digoel District, Papua, Indonesia 96% Lowland tropical primary rainforest 0%
2% Tropical peatland forest 0%
1% Swamp 0%
0.5% Agricultural land N.A. Lowland tropical primary rainforest
Jatropha
Pru, Brong Ahafo, Ghana 46% Mix of open and closed woodland 0%
23% Permanent cropland (10% yam, 13% other crops) 29% Fallow land
31% Fallow land (naturally regenerating woodland) 0%
Yucatan, Mexico 100% Secondary woodland 0%
Michocan, Mexico 25% Secondary forest 0%
25% Fallow land N.A. Secondary forest
50% Permanent cropland (annuals) N.A. Secondary forest
Chiapas, Mexico 5% Secondary forest 0%
29% Pasture N.A. Secondary forest
66% Agricultural land (annual cropping) N.A. Secondary forest
Chinsali & Mungwi, Zambia 24% Mature miombo woodland 0%
61% Permanent cropland (annuals) 34% Miombo woodland
19% Fallow land
15% Fallow land 0%
Soybean
Sorriso, Brazil 50% Cerrado forest 0%
50% Pasture N.A. Cerrado forest
Guarantã do Norte & Alta Floresta, Brazil 100% Degraded pasture N.A. Cerrado forest
Santarém, Brazil 92% Permanent cropland N.A. Amazon rainforest
8% Amazon rainforest 0%
N.A.: not assessed
iLUCMax=75%; iLUCMedium=50%; iLUCLow=25%; fallow: 8–11 years old