Table 3. Description of individual and village-level predictor and control variables. Variables of theoretical interest include DALIT, FRAC, and CASTES. Other variables are included for statistical control.

Individual Level Variables
Variable Type / unit Description
AGE yrs Age of respondent in years.
HHSIZE # Household size, in individuals.
EDUC yrs Education level of respondent.
LNWEALTH 1000 Rs. Log total value of owned items, in 1000 Rs. Increments. Wealth = 0.01 + livestock*10 + pumps*5 + house*300 + two-wheeled-vehicle*50 + four-wheeled-vehicle*750 + acres-owned*7000.
FRAC 0 - 1 Proportion of village population represented by own caste.
DALIT binary Dalit status (1), all others (0).
CHANNEL binary Irrigation dependency. Question 33: Is the land you work on connected to the channel? 69% responded ‘yes’.

Village Level Variables
Variable Type / unit Description
LNPOP # Log village population as reported by the 2001, Indian Census or estimated by the Panchayat clerk for that village, 2008.
DISTANCE km Distance from Kodiakanal. Kodaikanal (population 32,931) is the closest city and provides influential social and economic opportunities and cultural contacts (Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India 2001).
CASTES # The number of Jathis in a village with a population of more than 10 households.
WEALTHGINI 0 - 1 The Gini coefficient of estimated wealth, as estimated above, by village per Milanovic (1997).