Table 3. Robustness test: regressions of attitudes toward reserved forest (dependent variable) against attitudes toward Karnataka Forest Department, knowledge about Forest Rights Act, and participation in forest management groups (N = 247) with clustering by land tenure and management regimes. Asterisks denote level of significance * at 10%; ** at 5%; *** at 1%.

Model Knowledge about Forest Rights Act [H1] Attitudes toward Karnataka Forest Department [H2] Participation in Forest Management Groups [H3] Changes made to core model with clustering (in Table 2)
0 1 2 3
Core Model with clustering 0.063** -0.125*** -0.121 -0.129** -0.053 -0.062*** No changes
[1] 0.045** -0.118*** -0.113 -0.125** -0.048 -0.054*** Knowledge about Forest Rights Act score range from 0 to 7 (0 = lack of knowledge, 1-7 = knowledge about 1 up to 7 rights)
[2] 0.053 -0.127*** -0.126 -0.122** -0.053 -0.058*** Knowledge about Forest Rights Act score range from 0 to 1 ((0 = lack of knowledge, 1 = knowledge about one and more rights)
[3] 0.062** 0.02** -0.057** Attitudes toward Karnataka Forest Department score range from 0 to 4 (0 = not happy at all, 1 = not very happy, 2 = indifferent, 3 = a little happy, 4 = very happy)
[4] 0.064** 0.064*** -0.063** Attitudes toward Karnataka Forest Department score range from 0 to 1 (0 = not happy at all, 1 = otherwise)
[5] 0.063* -0.121*** -0.124 -0.126** -0.051 -0.028*** Participation in Forest Management Groups score counting number of groups in which informant participates
[6] 0.064* -0.12*** -0.12 -0.115** -0.058 -0.061*** Added length of residence
[7] 0.083*** -0.174*** -0.182** -0.22*** -0.089* -0.082*** Included only household-level control variables
[8] 0.059* -0.14*** -0.099 -0.141** -0.064 -0.05*** Included only individual-level control variables
[9] 0.068** -0.133*** -0.125 -0.139** -0.055 -0.067*** Excluded average income and ownership of durables
[10] 0.057 -0.138*** -0.116 -0.129** -0.06 -0.04*** Excluded access to land and livestock ownership
[11] 0.064* -0.131*** -0.125 -0.137*** -0.059 -0.063*** Excluded tribal origin