Table 3. The phases of the adaptive cycle exemplified by East German recreational fisheries governance over the course of 50 years.

K1 1954 – 1989 (35 years): Policy implementation and conservation of central recreational fisheries governance in the former GDR
Ω October 1989 – June 1990 (9 months): Disturbance & policy release of the K1 system
α July 1990 - April 1991 (8 months): Opportunity of change for a new governance approach in East Germany in the reunification process, discussion of policy alternatives
r April 1991 - October 1992 (18 months): choice of policy plan (pattern of persistence)
K2 From December 1992 on: Implementation of the current governance approach in East Germany with high institutional persistence in comparison with the “K1” status