Fig. 2. Two levels of the governance panarchy of KVBR concerning the dynamics around Naturum. The front loop, r to K, was driven in 1988–2006 by actors at both local and district/national levels. The MEB responded by making the appropriate decisions. In 2007–2009, two crises (internal project budget and externally imposed financial) pulled the biosphere development at the MEB level into the release (Ω) and renewal (α) phases (the back loop), whereas the governance network at higher levels remained in the conservation phase (K). The social memory at these higher levels—illustrated by the financial, intellectual, and moral–political support mainly from the SEPA, Unesco MAB, the CAB, and Region Scania—influenced the MEB to continue developing the biosphere reserve. The ruling conservative party reorganized accordingly.