Table 4. Ecosystem services supplied by the Hoge Veluwe park

Service Value
(1000 euro/year)
Valuation approach
Wood production 354 Preference based
Game (deer and wild boar meat) 50 Preference based
Groundwater infiltration 1,950 Cost-based
Carbon capture 33 Cost-based (conservative estimate)
Air pollution removal 2,100 Cost-based (conservative estimate)
Recreational hunting 125 Preference based (conservative estimate)
Recreation 6,140 Preference based
Nature conservation - Not expressed in monetary terms
Total 10,750