Table 2. Pastoral production in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Mongolia (FAO 1997, Thornton et al. 2002).

Countries Location Permanent pasture (km) % of total land area Major pastoral ethnicity Pastoralists’ population % of all agricultural population
Kazakhstan Central Asia 1,851,000 69 Kazakhs 4,700,000 68
Kyrgyzstan Central Asia 93,650 49 Kyrgyz 256,000 7
Uzbekistan Central Asia 222,190 52 Uzbeks 1,478,000 6
Mongolia East and Central Asia 1,293,000 83 Mongol 2,051,000 84