Table 5. Examples of species in social-ecological guilds. Organisms are alphabetized by the name most commonly used (Hawaiian, common, or scientific). If the Hawaiian name was not used, it is not included in this list.

Hawaiian or Local Common Scientific
TRADITIONAL ORGANISMS
A‘ama
Ahi
Aku
Akule
Honu
Kala

Maiko
Manini
Ohua
‘Opelu
Opihi
Paku‘iku‘i
Tako
Uhu
Umaumalei

Rock crab
Yellowfin tuna
Bluefin tuna
Bigeye scad
Hawaiian green sea turtle
Bluespine surgeonfish
Lobster
Bluelined surgeonfish
Convict tang (adult)
Convict tang (recruit)
Mackerel scad
Limpet
Achilles tang
Octopus
Parrotfish
Orangespine unicornfish
Grapsus tenuicrustatus
Thunnus albacores
Thunnus thynnus
Selar crumenophthalmus
Chelonia mydas
Naso unicornus
Scyllarides squammosus, e.g
Acanthurus nigroris
Acanthurus triostegus
Acanthurus triostegus
Decapterus macerellus
Cellana sandwicensis, e.g.
Acanthurus Achilles
Octopus sp.
Scarus sp.
Naso lituratus
ORNAMENTAL ORGANISMS
Ornamental organisms (general)



Lau‘ipala
Kole
Bandit angelfish
Chevron tang
Flame angelfish
Yellow tang
Goldring surgeonfish
Orangespot surgeonfish
Pearl wrasse
Ringtail surgeonfish
Psychadellic wrasse
Razor wrasse
Redstripe/Baldwin’s pipefish
Yellowtail coris
Desmoholacanthus arcuatus
Ctenochaetus Hawaiiensis
Centropyge loriculus
Zebrasoma flavescens
Ctenochaetus strigosus
Acanthurus olivaceus
Anampses cuvier
Acanthurus blochii
Anampses chrysocephalus
Xyrichtys pavo
Dunckerocampus baldwini
Coris gaimard
Ornamentals (Rare species)
Decoy scorpionfish
Dragon moray eel
Hawaiian lionfish
Leaffish
Potter’s Angelfish
Reticulated cowrie
Tiger cowrie
Tinker’s butterflyfish
Scorpaenidae sp.
Enchelycore pardalis
Dendrochirus barberi
Taenianotus tricanthus
Centropyge potteri
Cyparea maculifera
Cypraea tigris
Chaetodon tinkeri
Ornamentals (Butterflyfishes)
Bluestripe butterflyfish
Blacklip butterflyfish
Fourspot butterflyfish
Lined butterflyfish
Longnose butterflyfish
Milletseed butterflyfish
Ornate butterflyfish
Oval butterflyfish
Pyramid butterflyfish
Racoon butterfly
Reticulated butterflyfish
Saddleback butterflyfish
Teardrop butterflyfish
Threadfin butterflyfish
Chaetodon fremblii
Chaetodon kleinii
Chaetodon quadrimaculatus
Chaetodon lineolatus
Forcipiger longerostris
Chaetodon militaris
Chaetodon ornatissimus
Chaetodon lunulatus
Hemitaurichthys polylepis
Chaetodon lunula
Chaetodon reticulates
Chaetodon ephippium
Chaetodon unimaculatus
Chaetodon auriga
PREDATORS
Invasive piscivores
Roi
Ta‘ape
Peacock grouper
Bluestripe snapper
Cephalopholis argus
Lutjanus kasmira
Sharks & eels
Manô
Manô
Puhi
Puhi
Weke
Weke
Tiger shark
White tipped reef shark
Yellow margin moray
White mouth moray
Yellowfin goatfish
Yellowstripe goatfish
Galeocerdo cuvier
Triaenodon obesus
Gymnothorax flavimarginatus
Gymnothorax meleagris
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
Mulloidichthys flavolineatus
Native piscivores
Kahala
Moano
`Omilu
Ulua
Amberjack
Multibar goatfish
Bluefin trevally
Jack
Serioli dumerili
Parupeneus multifasciatus
Gymnothorax meleagris
Carangoides sp. & Caranx sp.