Fig. 4. Various patterns were seen across predators on the coral reefs. Four social-ecological guilds are represented on this diagram, including: (a) the “Invasives”, roi (Peacock grouper, Cephalopholis argus) and ta‘ape (Bluestripe snapper, Lutjanus kasmira), (b) Tiger Sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier), (c) Eels (Anguilliformes)/Reef Sharks (Triaenodon obesus), and (d) Ulua (Jack, Carangoides spp. & Caranx spp.)/Native Piscivores.

Fig. 4