APPENDIX 1. Questionnaires used to evaluate the participatory approach.
We asked the participants’ view on the context and process management
of the participatory process. Presenting statements, we asked them to choose one
of the following responses: strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree,
disagree or strongly disagree.
Questionnaire to evaluate the
context of the participatory approach
1. At the
beginning of the process, there was no or only a little conflict between the
goals/objectives of the various participants.
2. At the beginning of the
process, personal relationships between the participants were good.
the beginning of the process, participants trusted the water board.
the beginning of the process, participants were interested not only in reaching
their own objectives but also the objectives of the group.
5. At the
beginning of the process, participants were confident that the approach would
help reach the group’s objectives.
6. At the beginning of the
process, there were only very few problems to be addressed.
7. At the
beginning of the process, water managers and other decision-makers involved were
open to the opinion of others.
8. At the beginning of the process,
participants were used to speaking up in a group and to frankly sharing their
9. At the beginning of the process, the geographical and legal
boundaries of the problem were clearly defined.
10. Enough time and funds
are available to meet the targets of the process.
evaluate the process management of the participatory
1. In my opinion, the participants in this
process fairly represent the members of the public who will be affected by the
issues raised in it.
2. In my opinion, the process has been run in an
unbiased way (i.e., without undue influence from process organizers).
In my opinion, this process has taken place at a sufficiently early stage in the
policy formulation procedure to allow participants to have some genuine
influence (i.e., not at a stage where most of the important decisions have
already been made).
4. In my opinion, the recommendations that originate
from participants in this process will be implemented by the organizers of the
5. In my opinion, the activity’s process has been
transparent (i.e., all interested parties are readily able to see what is going
on if they want).
6. In my opinion, the process provided me with
sufficient resources (financial, number of meetings and information) to take
part in it effectively.
7. In my opinion, the nature and scope of the
task was well defined (i.e., I understood precisely what was required from me in
8. In my opinion, the process was well organized and
managed on a practical level (i.e., the understanding of key concepts by
participants was ensured during the process, discussion and decision-making
procedures were appropriate and kept on track and the process was skillfully
adapted to unforeseen developments when this was necessary).
9. In my
opinion, this process would seem to be cost effective (i.e., the outcome of the
activity could not be achieved in a more cost-effective way).