APPENDIX 1. Questionnaires used to evaluate the participatory approach.



We asked the participants’ view on the context and process management of the participatory process. Presenting statements, we asked them to choose one of the following responses: strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree or strongly disagree.



Questionnaire to evaluate the context of the participatory approach

Statements:
1. At the beginning of the process, there was no or only a little conflict between the goals/objectives of the various participants.

2. At the beginning of the process, personal relationships between the participants were good.

3. At the beginning of the process, participants trusted the water board.

4. At the beginning of the process, participants were interested not only in reaching their own objectives but also the objectives of the group.

5. At the beginning of the process, participants were confident that the approach would help reach the group’s objectives.

6. At the beginning of the process, there were only very few problems to be addressed.

7. At the beginning of the process, water managers and other decision-makers involved were open to the opinion of others.

8. At the beginning of the process, participants were used to speaking up in a group and to frankly sharing their opinions.

9. At the beginning of the process, the geographical and legal boundaries of the problem were clearly defined.

10. Enough time and funds are available to meet the targets of the process.


Questionnaire to evaluate the process management of the participatory approach

Statements:
1. In my opinion, the participants in this process fairly represent the members of the public who will be affected by the issues raised in it.

2. In my opinion, the process has been run in an unbiased way (i.e., without undue influence from process organizers).

3. In my opinion, this process has taken place at a sufficiently early stage in the policy formulation procedure to allow participants to have some genuine influence (i.e., not at a stage where most of the important decisions have already been made).

4. In my opinion, the recommendations that originate from participants in this process will be implemented by the organizers of the exercise.

5. In my opinion, the activity’s process has been transparent (i.e., all interested parties are readily able to see what is going on if they want).

6. In my opinion, the process provided me with sufficient resources (financial, number of meetings and information) to take part in it effectively.

7. In my opinion, the nature and scope of the task was well defined (i.e., I understood precisely what was required from me in the process).

8. In my opinion, the process was well organized and managed on a practical level (i.e., the understanding of key concepts by participants was ensured during the process, discussion and decision-making procedures were appropriate and kept on track and the process was skillfully adapted to unforeseen developments when this was necessary).

9. In my opinion, this process would seem to be cost effective (i.e., the outcome of the activity could not be achieved in a more cost-effective way).