Table 1. Important historical events and relevant forest policy changes in Acre, Brazil and Pando, Bolivia. These events continue to affect property rights, the diversity of forest products currently exploited, and ultimately, the frequency of Brazil nut thefts.

Acre, Brazil Pando, Bolivia
1876–1910: Rubber boom (migration to region)
1903: Acre ceded from Bolivia to Brazil (Fifer 1970) 1870s: Nicolas Suarez founds Suarez Hermanos rubber company (Fifer 1970)
1910–1940: Decline in rubber economy; Diversification of production to include Brazil nut harvesting and agriculture
1912: Malaysian plantation rubber pierces global market (Weinstein 1983)
1933: Brazil nut processing plant inaugurated in Xapurí, Acre, exporting canned nuts to the U.S.
(Wadt et al. 2008)
1931–1935: Suarez Co. introduces a Brazil nut shelling company by a mostly female labor force (Fifer 1970)
1940–1945: Renewed demand for rubber
1942: Brazil–U.S. Washington Accords to recruit Brazilian rubber tappers to Amazon (Sobrinho 1992) Suarez and Hermanos control 80% of rubber production in Brazil–Bolivia border (Fifer 1970)
1950–1990s: Brazil nuts replace rubber as main forest product
1986: Removal of Brazilian subsidy for rubber that had been extended to Bolivian producers
1990s: New policies for extractive communities
1990: Extractive Reserves 1996: Forestry Law and Agrarian Reform Law