Table 1. Population, ceramic, and settlement data for time-space units in the four regions of the US Southwest. Periods preceding major transformations are indicated.

Region Subregion Time (CE) Population level Pop density
Pop/km²
Dominant
settlement form
Ware diversity
Hohokam Middle Gila 950-1100 High 3.16 Lg villages, ballcourts 1.0
Middle Gila 1100-1275 High 3.71 Lg villages, ballcourts, p.mds 1.0
Middle Gila 1275-1300+ Highest 4.07 Lg villages, platform mounds 1.0
Lower Salt 950-1100 High 3.73 Lg villages, ballcourts 1.0
Lower Salt 1100-1275 High 5.23 Lg villages, ballcourts, p.mds 1.0
Lower Salt 1275-1300+ Highest 6.08 Lg villages, platform mounds 1.6
No. Periphery 950-1100 Highest 1.18 Lg villages, ballcourts 2.9
No. Periphery 1100-1275 Moderate 0.50 House clusters 2.2
No. Periphery 1275-1300+ Depop begins 0.41 House clusters 2.5
Mimbres Upper Gila 1000-1130 Highest 0.61 Lg villages 1.1
Upper Gila 1200-1300 Depop 0.03 Lg villages 3.0
Upper Gila 1300-1450 Low 0.18 Lg villages 2.1
Mimbres Valley 1000-1130 Highest 1.13 Lg villages 1.0
Mimbres Valley 1130-1200 Depop Few village rooms
Mimbres Valley 1200-1300 Low 0.22 Lg villages 4.0
Mimbres Valley 1300-1450 Low 0.03 Lg villages 3.3
Eastern 1000-1130 Highest 0.26 Lg villages 1.3
Eastern 1130-1200 Low 0.16 Hamlets only 4.5
Eastern 1200-1300 Highest 0.27 Lg villages 6.0
Eastern 1300-1450 Low 0.02 Lg villages 4.3
Zuni Central 900-1125 Moderate 0.61 Hamlets, Great houses 1.5
Central 1125-1225 High 0.93 Hamlets 2.0
Central 1225-1275 High 1.33 Lg villages, hamlets 2.3
Central 1275-1325 Highest 1.61 Lg villages 3.0
Central 1325-1400 High Lg villages
Central 1400-1680 High 1.15 Largest villages 2.9
Western 900-1125 Low 0.09 Hamlets, Great houses 1.9
Western 1125-1225 Low 0.23 Hamlets 2.0
Western 1225-1275 Moderate 0.54 Lg villages, hamlets 2.0
Western 1275-1325 Low 0.28 Lg villages 3.0
Western 1325-1400 Low Lg villages
Western 1400-1680 Depop
Upper LC 1275-1325 Low 0.09 Lg villages, hamlets 4.0
Upper LC 1325-1400 Low Lg villages
Upper LC 1400-1680 Depop
El Morro 1225-1275 High 4.92 Lg villages, hamlets 2.2
El Morro 1275-1325 Highest 5.31 Lg villages 3.0
El Morro 1325-1400 Moderate Lg villages
El Morro 1400-1680 Depop
Salinas 1100-1300 High 1.08 Hamlets, few villages 2.0
1300-1425 High 1.08 Lg villages 2.0
1425-1600 Moderate 0.68 Largest villages 2.0
1600-1700 Moderate 0.80 Largest villages 2.0

Population levels relative to regional population only; not relative to entire Southwest.
Not included in analysis for lack of either ceramic or population data.
Key: LC = Little Colorado, Lg = large, No. = Northern, p.mds = platform mounds, depop = depopulation of subregion.