Table 1. Main aspects of Doņana, according to the participants of the workshop.

Aspect
Before Now Causes of change? Main actors involved Beneficial to Harmful to
Water
Abundant
Better quality
Less demand and less management
Scarce
Worst quality
Great demand and management Critical aspect
Growth in demand
Less efficient use
Local population
Farmers
Administration
Tourism and urbanism firms
Farmers (increase of productivity)
Private interests of landowners
Landscape and biodiversity
Biodiversity
High
Low conscience
Integrated with the population
Dropping and threatened
Bigger conscience
Ecosystem transformation Land-use changes
Invasive species
Local population Administration None Biodiversity
Local population
Land use
Sparsely populated
Isolated
Traditional uses
Without infrastructure
Local religious importance
Without feeling a need for protection
Densely populated
Connected to the outside
New uses
Many infrastructures
Great growth of Rocío pilgrimage
Feeling of a high value place
Resource value enhancement strategy
Connection of protected Doñana with surrounding territory
Local population
Administration
ENGOs
Scientists
Natural Protected Areas managers
Local population (greater feeling of cohesion and less isolation of Natural Protected Areas) Local population (limitations to resource use)
Agriculture
Traditional
Dry-farmed
Low productivity
Local
Diverse in crop varieties
Intensive and high-tech farming Irrigation farming
Highly productive
Oriented to exportation
Large expansion
Highly dependent on water
New technologies
Use of water and land resources
High economic profit
Farmers
Administrations
European Union
Consumers
Enterprises
Intermediates
Local population (employment generation)
Landscape and biodiversity
Conservation of protected areas
Bigger natural “balance”
Less protective regulation
Core of natural area was private Conservation not a theme of concern
Less natural “balance”
More protective regulation
Larger public space
More legal guarantees on protected area
Administration imposition policy
Growth of environmental concern
Conservation programs Greater pressure on local nature
Local population
Environment
Administration
Scientists
ENGOs
Local population (greater knowledge of the value of Doñana) Local population (limitations to resource use)