Table 1. Definitions of variables used in the analysis.

Variable Definition
Attitude 5 if substantial increase, 4 if modest increase, 3 if no change, 2 if modest decrease, 1 if substantial decrease, and 0 if disappearred.
Age Years of age.
Female 1 if the respondent is a woman.
Income Total income in the respondent’s household.
Education Level of education: 1 if compulsory school, 2 if upper secondary school, and 3 if university or university college.
Farm 1 if the respondent lives on a farm.
Hunter 1 if the respondent hunts.
Hunter in family 1 if someone else in the respondent’s household hunts.
Have seen wolf 1 if the respondent has seen a wolf in the wild.
Member 1 if the respondent is a member of an organization working for conservation of nature.
Sheep attack Average (over time) proportion of sheep farms that have been attacked by a wolf in the territory where the respondent lives.
Dog attack Average (over time) wolf attacks on dogs in territory where the respondent lives.
Exist year Numbers of years that the respondent’s home area has been inside a wolf territory.
Fenced proportion Proportion of sheep farms that have received subsidies for fencing in the territory where the respondent lives.