Fig. 3. Interviewee responses regarding barriers to implementing adaptation.
Note: Responses were coded according to type of perceived barrier described. Input barriers included Lack of Information, i.e., insufficient data to predict likely climate impacts at the individual unit level and then translate that information into an adaptation strategy; Lack of Resources, i.e., insufficient budget and staff time to plan for and implement adaptation in addition to current workload; and Potential Public Opposition, i.e., insufficient public and stakeholder support to implement adaptation. Informal institutional barriers included Internal Inertia to Change and Partners' Inertia to Change, which refers to difficulty changing traditional ways of thinking about resource management, within both the agencies themselves and their partner agencies. Formal institutional barriers included Internal Operating Procedures, i.e., agencies' formal rules and decision making processes; External Environmental Laws, i.e., existing legal constraints; and Ownership Mosaic, i.e., ecosystem boundaries span multiple jurisdictions with different rules and management objectives.