Table 1. The empirical case studies used in this paper. Numbers VI and VII were carried out primarily by colleagues from the same research group as the authors. Scales addressed ranged from: (1) local scale green area, (2) city scale green network, and (3) regional scale green infrastructure (see main text).
Study no. Publications Short description of study Type of data Scale addressed
in study
I. Barthel et al. 2005
Barthel 2006
Barthel et al. 2010
Ecological and historical land-use analysis and stakeholder analysis of a large green area, the National Urban Park (NUP).
Method: Text analysis of documents and maps, paired with semi-structured interviews and participatory observations.
Social
-
1. Local scale
2. -
3. -
II. Borgström et al. 2006 Comparative study of ecosystem management in five local green areas: one large green area (NUP), a large cemetery, a nature reserve, an urban forest, and a watershed.
Method: Text analysis of planning documents, paired with interviews with managers.
Social
-
1. Local scale
2. -
3. -
III. Andersson et al. 2007 Comparative study of ecological effects of management practices between different actor groups: cemetery managers, urban park managers, and allotment gardeners.
Method: Combining field survey of birds and bumblebees with questionnaire and semi-structured interviews.
Social
Ecological
1. Local scale
2. City scale
3. -
IV. Ernstson et al. 2008
Ernstson and Sörlin 2009
Analysis of the social network structure
of a local urban movement protecting a large urban green area (NUP), alongside the analysis of arguments for protection.
Method: Social network survey, paired with interviews, document analysis, and participatory observations.
Social
-
1. Local scale
2. City scale
3. -
V. Andersson and Bodin 2008 Ecological network analysis of bird species movements.
Method: GIS analysis of land cover, paired with empirical bird observations.
-
Ecological
1. -
2. City scale
3. -
VI. Lundberg et al. 2008 Mobile link analysis of the Eurasian Jay and oak forest regeneration, focusing on a large urban green area (NUP).
Method: GIS-analysis of land cover, paired with empirical bird observations.
-
Ecological
1. -
2. City scale
3. -
VII. Colding et al. 2006 Spatial assessment of different types of urban green areas, focusing on allotment gardens, domestic gardens, golf courses, and protected areas.
Method: GIS-analysis of land cover and analysis of planning documents.
Social
Ecological
1. Local scale
2. -
3. Regional scale
Focus of interviews
Scale mismatch
Social networks
Local management practices
 
20 interviews of duration 30–120 min.
7 interviews of duration 60–90 min
26 interviews of duration 60–90 min.