Table 1. Site level experience in the RUPES Phase I project in Asia

Site Focus of environmental service Conditionality applied
(see Fig. 1)
Type of scheme and current status
Indonesia
Bungo "Jungle rubber" agroforestry system for conservation of the diversity of local plant species and wildlife habitat Level IV
Management plan for rubber agroforestry in general, including specified agricultural techniques
No slash-and-burn practices
Minimizing illegal logging at the buffer zone of the adjacent national park and traditional community forests "lubuk larangan"
No intensive or commercial harvesting of nontimber forest products or hunting
"Hutan desa" ("village forest") recognition by central government for local forest management role within watershed protection forest
Testing mini-hydropower as intermediate reward for biodiversity conservation
A private buyer (automotive wheel industry) showing interest in rubber for "green" vehicles
Cidanau Water quality and regular flow for private water companies Level II
Planting and maintaining timber and fruit trees with the total minimum of 500 trees ha−1 for 5 years
A private water company is paying US$120/ha for the contract
Singkarak (Watershed) Water quality for hydropower, native fish conservation, and ecotourism Level IV
Planting a 40-ha grassland with timber and fruit trees
Conservation fund from local government to revitalize organic coffee in the upstream watershed
Singkarak (Voluntary Carbon Market) Carbon sequestration for voluntary markets under land rehabilitation setting Level I
Planting and maintaining a specified number of trees to achieve an agreed amount of carbon sequestration
Carbon market negotiated with private buyer (consumer goods distributor)
Sumberjaya (Community Forestry) Watershed rehabilitation for the District Forestry Service Level II
Planting and maintaining a specified number of trees with a particular composition of species
Conditional tenure rewarded to farmer groups
Sumberjaya (River Care) Water quality for hydropower Level I
Conducting collective action in riparian rehabilitation and sedimentation reduction to achieve a specified percentage (> 30%) of erosion reduction
Hydroelectric power company (HEP) royalty agreements signed for River Care groups along the river
The Philippines
Bakun Water quality for hydropower Level III
Setting up management plan to rehabilitate watershed, including sustainable horticulpractices
HEP royalty agreements signed
Kalahan Carbon sequestration under voluntary market Level I
Planting and maintaining a specified number of trees to achieve agreed amount of carbon sequestration
Carbon market initial agreement with private buyer (automotive industry)
Nepal
Kulekhani Water quality for hydropower Level III
Setting up management plan to rehabilitate watershed, including sustainable horticulture practices
HEP royalty agreements signed