Table 1. Study villages, sampling, subsistence activity, and settlement dates.

Village Surveyed households Total No. households
(Census)
Sampling percent Year founded Subsistence farmers
Lucky Strike 8 10 80% 2004 7 (88%)
Graham Creek 2009 16 16 100% 1998 -
Graham Creek 2008 17 17 100% 1998 17 (100%)
Machakilha 20 22 91% 1987 17 (85%)
Conejo 19 30 63% 1912 17 (89%)
Crique Sarco 47 56 84% 1910 26 (55%)