Table 1. Different approaches to improving product sustainability.

Current single-attribute approach Sustainable product indexing
Different labels for every impact area One or a few integrative labels or programs
Measure tangible product characteristics Measure impact throughout product life cycle
Control through prescriptive limits Improve through incentives for innovation
Ensure immediate health and safety Ensure global and long-term health and safety
Learn through reductionist strategies Learn through adaptation and experimentation
Led by local and national government Led by global coalition of governments, industry, NGOs, and local stakeholders (e.g., growers, etc.)