Fig. 5. A schematic illustration of interlocking
panarchies. Each set of linked adaptive cycles form a panarchy, representative
of forestry, environmental conservation, and reindeer husbandry respectively.
Processes in an adaptive cycle at a certain scale may affect both other
adaptive cycles in the same panarchy, and adaptive cycles in other panarchies,
creating a system with numerous interactions at many scales. See text for
further details and examples.