Fig. 2. Fisheries governance system (modified from Sutinen and Soboil 2003:303).
fisheries governance system typically consists of four interacting
components: (1) Legislature, (2) Fisheries Agency, (3) Fisheries
Management Authority, and (4) Stakeholders. A formal process is any
governance mechanism that links these components in developing and
implementing fisheries laws, policies, and management plans, including
elections, regulations, advising, and participatory decision making. An
informal process is any political interference, such as stakeholder
lobbying, legal action, campaign contributions, publicity campaigns, and
“ end runs” (see, for example, Sissenwine and Mace 2003), whereby dissatisfied
stakeholders engage elected representatives to pressure the fisheries
agency or management authority to change management or policy to outcomes
favorable to their interests.