Table 3. Network structure and adaptability.


Network structure:


Adaptability:

Closure Heterogeneity Framework of rules Ecological knowledge Knowledge and rules
Network A High High Rules are in place

High rule-compliance

Accepted management rules

Ecosystem perspective

Science, systematic observations, and local experiences

Common view regarding the status of the ecological system

Rules are continuously changed based on ecological criteria
Network B Low Low Rules are in place

Conflicting views concerning the substance of rules

Generally high obedience, thus, rule-breaking among locals

Ecosystem perspective

Science, systematic observations, and local experiences

Conflicting views regarding the reliability of ecological knowledge

Skepticism toward scientific knowledge

Conflicting views regarding the status of the ecological system

Rules are continuously changed based on ecological criteria

Note: Italics indicate evident differences regarding aspects of adaptability.