Table 4. Summary results of the four indicators used to measure the changes in the identity of the conservation institution. Conservation Area Management Committee members were asked if the following activities increased, decreased, or remained the same during the insurgency. The members rated each statement on a 3-point scale: increased = 3, remained the same = 2, decreased = 1. (Source: authors’ interview data; n = 190)


Attributes assessing the identity of the functional conservation area Increased Remained the same Decreased Mean ± SD
1. Meeting of committee members 7.9% 52.1% 40.0% 1.68 ± 0.61
2. Collecting natural resources without a permit 12.1% 82.1% 5.8% 2.06 ± 0.42
3. Grazing livestock in restricted areas 6.8% 81.1% 12.1% 1.93 ± 0.43
4. Illegal hunting of wildlife 28.9% 35.8% 35.3% 1.94 ± 0.80