APPENDIX 2. Sample questions for the local villagers in ACA, 2008

Respondent code #: Place: Date:

Socioeconomic status: Gender: [1] Male [0] Female

Namaste! I am _____________ and I am here to learn about nature conservation in your village. I will be doing surveys of villagers to know their opinions about the CAMC’s performance and conservation programs. Your responses will be completely confidential, and the findings will never discuss individual responses. It will be impossible to pick you out from what you say, so please feel free to tell me what you think. Will you take a little while to participate in this survey?


1. How often have you participated in programs organized by the CAMC?
[3] often [2] rarely [1] never

2. Do you trust CAMC members to work on behalf of all villagers’ interests?
[3] yes [2] sometimes [1] no

3. Do you trust that the CAMC members treat all villagers equally?
[3] yes [2] sometimes [1] no

4. Do you trust that the CAMC members are honest?
[3] yes [2] sometimes [1] no

5. In your opinion, is CAMC the right authority to manage natural resources?
[3] yes [2] maybe [1] no

6. Do you think most villagers abide by CAMC’s rules?
[4] always [3] usually [2] rarely [1] never

7. Do you think that the decisions made by the CAMC should be obeyed?
[3] yes [2] mostly [1] no

8. How do you judge the CAMC’s overall performance?
[3] good [2] fair [1] poor

9. Are there any advantages of having the CAMC in your village? [1] yes [0] no.

If ‘yes’, please mention: ______________________________

10. Are there any disadvantages of having the CAMC in your village? [1] yes [0] no.

If ‘yes’, please mention: ______________________________


11. Do you think the benefits of having the CAMC outweigh the disadvantages?
[3] yes, the benefits outweigh any disadvantages
[1] no, the disadvantages outweigh the benefits
[2] the benefits and disadvantages are about equal

12. How many of your friends and relatives have favorable attitudes towards CAMC?
[3] most [2] some [1] almost none

13. How much influence do you think people like yourself can have in CAMC activities?
[3] a lot [2] some [1] not at all

14. How often have the CAMC members listened to your suggestions, concerns or problems?
[3] often [2] rarely [1] never



Now, I would like to talk with you about ACAP and its staff.


15. What do you think about ACAP’s job in your village?
[3] good [2] fair [1] poor

16. Do you trust ACAP staff to work on behalf of all villagers’ interests?
[3] yes [2] mostly [1] no

17. Do you trust that the ACAP staff are honest?
[3] yes [2] mostly [1] no

18. Do you feel that the ACAP brings any benefits to you or your family?
[1] yes [0] no

19. Do you feel that the ACAP brings any disadvantages to you or your family?
[1] yes [0] no

20. Do you feel that the benefits of living within the ACAP outweigh the disadvantages?
[3] yes, the benefits outweigh any disadvantages
[1] no, the disadvantages outweigh the benefits
[2] the benefits and disadvantages are about equal

21. How successful do you feel the conservation programs are in your village?
[3] very successful
[2] somewhat successful
[1] not successful

22. How do you assess the status of natural resources in your village?

Statement
Improved (3)
Remained the same (2)
Worsened (1)
a. Compared to the pre-ACAP era, the status of natural resources in your area has:



b. Compared to 10 years ago, the status of natural resources in your area has:



c. Compared to 5 years ago (during the insurgency), the status of natural resources in your area has:




23. How active was your CAMC during the Maoist insurgency?
[3] very active [2] somewhat active [1] inactive

24. How do you assess the overall performance of your CAMC during the insurgency?
[3] good [2] fair [1] poor

25. Do you feel that conservation was happening in your village during the insurgency?
[3] yes [2] somewhat [1] no

26. How important was the CAMC’s role for making the conservation happen during the insurgency?
[3] very important [2] somewhat important [1] not important

27. Would it be better not to have ‘conservation area’ here?
[3] not at all [2] maybe in some situations [1] of course yes

28. Have you migrated to this village? [1] yes [0] no. If “yes”, when? _____ years ago.

29. Are you related to any CAMC members? [1] yes [0] no. If “yes”, what is the relationship?

30. Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents:

Age: ___________ years (please ask how old the respondent is).

Education: _________________________ (please record the level of education).

Ethnicity: ___________________________ (please ask the respondent’s full name).