Table 2. Livelihood coping responses to climate effects across the study areas.


Respondents by area
Percentage of n (number of sample)
Response 1 (n=30) 2 (n=30) 3 (n=30) 4 (n=31)
Selling of assets 80 (24) 30 (9) 53 (16) 32 (10)
Reliance on social networks (including money lenders) 37 (11) 60 (18) 83 (25) 90 (28)
Eating of wild plants/fruits 27 (8) 10 (3) 7 (2) 48 (15)
Eating of wild animals/birds - - - 16 (5)
Turning to faith and church groups 30 (9) 20 (6) 3 (1) 10 (3)
Government support (e.g., welfare) 47 (14) 63 (19) 37 (11) 16 (5)
NGO support (e.g., food aid, cash for work) - - - 39 (12)
Petty trading/hawking 57 (17) 23 (7) 33 (10) 74 (23)
Temporary migration (including exchange, work, support, water for livestock) 83 (25) 43 (13) 43 (13) 35 (11)

Households perform more than one type of coping response.
Note: Data collected over the 2002-4 agricultural seasons and responses recalled by interviewees for the 10 year period prior to the fieldwork