Table 2. Fish species and some of the other aquatic organisms reported by the fishermen interviewed, with information on their reproductive habits, migratory status, and importance to local fisheries. Fisheries codes are: rarely captured (R), occasionally captured (O), seasonally important (S), and commonly captured (C).

Family Scientific name Common name Reproduce when? Reproduce where? Migratory? Fishery
Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucas Bull shark ? Sea No R
Pristidae Pristis pristis Common sawfish ? ? No R
Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata American eel Sea Catadromous O
Megalopidae Megalops atlanticus Tarpon ? Sea No O
Characidae Astyanax aeneus Central tetra ? No O
Ictaluridae Ictalurus furcatus Blue catfish June–Aug., Nov.–Jan. ? No C
Pimelodidae Rhamdia spp. Chulin June–Aug. ? No C
Poeciliidae Poecilia gilli Molly All year; peak May–June ? No S
Centropomidae Centropomus ensiferus Swordspine snook Eggs Oct.–Jan. Sea No C
Centropomidae Centropomus undecimalis Common snook Eggs Oct.–Jan. Sea No C
Lutjanidae Lutjanus griseus Gray snapper ? ? Sea O
Gerreidae Eugerres spp. Mojarra ? ? No O
Haemulidae Pomadasys crocro Burro grunt ? ? Amphidromous O
Cichlidae Amhpilophus alfari Pastel cichlid Feb.–April River banks No O
Cichlidae Amphilophus longimanus Red breast cichlid Feb.–April River banks No C
Cichlidae Archocentrus spilurus Blue eye cichlid Feb.–April, May River banks No O
Cichlidae Herotilapia multispinosa Rainbow cichlid Feb.–April River banks, creeks No ?
Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticus Nile tilapia Feb.–April River banks No C
Cichlidae Parachromis dovii Wolf cichlid Feb.–April River banks Local movements C
Cichlidae Parachromis managuensis Jaguar cichlid Feb.–April River banks, creeks No O
Cichlidae Vieja maculicauda Blackbelt cichlid Feb.–April River banks, creeks No C
Mugilidae Agonostomus monticola Mountain mullet Eggs in dry, go to sea in wet Puts eggs under rocks Catadromous and/or amphidromous S
Mugilidae Joturus pichardi Bobo mullet Eggs in dry, migrate Aug.–Sep.; return Nov. Estuary Catadromous S
Eleotridae Gobiomorus dormitor Bigmouth sleeper Eggs in dry Deep pools Amphidromous O
Gobiidae Awaous banana Green river goby ? Deep pools Amphidromous O
Non-fish taxa
Palaemonidae Macrobrachium carcinus Macrobrachium Wet season Amphidromous O
Atyidae Atya sp. Atyid shrimp Wet season Amphidromous ?
Portunidae Callinectes sp. Crab O
Gecarcinidae Cardisoma guanhumi Land crab June Streams ? O
Alligatoridae Caiman crocodilus Spectacled caiman ? Exposed sand bars near river No ?
Crocodylidae Crocodylus acutus Crocodile Dry Exposed sand bars near river No ?
Kinosternidae Kinosternon leucostomun Wood turtle ?
Emydidae Rhinoclemmiys funera White-lipped mud turtle S
Emydidae Trachemys scripta Jicotea S
Iguanidae Iguana iguana Green iguana March Exposed sand bars near river No S