Table 2. Political trade-offs across institutional actors affected by changes to Israel’s integrated water resources management system.
Institutional actor     Political cost incurred     Political benefits received
Ministry of Agriculture Loss of ability to influence water pricing Side agreement on water pricing
Input into nomination of public representative on oversight committee
Representation on oversight committee
Responsibilities for drainage issues unchanged
Ministry of Interior Loss of authority over water pricing and wastewater Input into nomination of public representative on oversight committee
Gradual transfer of responsibilities
Representation on oversight committee
Ministry of Infrastructure Loss of ministerial control over the new Water Authority Nomination of head of Water Authority
Input into nomination of public representative on oversight committee
Representation on oversight committee
Ministry of Environment Loss of partial control over water pollution Responsibilities for water quality protection unchanged
Representation on oversight committee
Ministry of Finance Conceded use of market-driven water pricing
Conceded direct effect on water pricing
Ability to set annual water budget