Table 1. Criteria used in the evaluation of the Joint Incomati Basin Study.

Input Actors related to problem situation Attitude
Mutual relationships
Actors involved in research Attitude
Willingness to cooperate
Availability
Expertise
Motives
Mutual relationships
Availability of resources Time
Funds
Supporting tools

Content Adequacy of methodology
Depth
Broadness
Validity, credibility Use of state-of-the-art knowledge
Consistency, coherence
Attention for uncertainty
Precision
Quality of argumentation
Relevance
Handling the values of stakeholders

Process Actors involved in the analysis Reason for involvement
Representativeness
Extent of participation and cooperation
Openness
Commitment
Organization Flexibility
Transparency
Goal orientation
Clarity of structure
Working methods Activating, barrier removing
Openness, democratic nature
Legitimacy
Match with culture
Taking participants seriously
Efficient use of resources Time
Money
Personnel
Communication Frequency
Form
Who with whom
Openness
Richness and relevance
Relevance of nonverbal communication
Clarity
Balance in participation
Results Consistency
Verifiability, validity
Extensiveness of documentation
Relevance Consideration of all interests
Match with policy process
Potential value to the parties
Presentation
Availability
Acceptance by parties at interest
Solutions presented (variety)
Use Which elements
By whom?
For what purpose?
Long-term vs. explicit use
Effects Policy Process Decision time
Breaking deadlock
Implementation
Problem situation
Actors related to the problem situation Learning effects
Consensus reaching
Commitment to results
Communication patterns and negotiation
Balance of power