Table 1. Some selected definitions of “sustainability” in terms of their applications.

Concept Label Application in Practice
1. sustaining maximum/optimum sustained yield: maintaining natural renewable resources capital
2. sustaining development: industrialization, expanding economy
3. sustaining economic growth:
a. sustaining economic growth:
b. sustaining economic development:
increasing GNP
more matter/energy throughout
increasing human satisfaction per unit matter/energy, i.e., increased efficiency
4. substitutability concept of neoclassical economics or technological optimism: when a natural resource becomes scarce, entrepreneurs will find or invent substitutes
5. carrying capacity for humans: as the interaction of number of people and living standard
6. sustainability: sustaining profits based on consumption
sustaining rapid economic growth