Table 4. Linear regression results for livestock subsidies (per farm and per head of livestock) as explanatory variables for stock-breeding intensification (n = 33).

Variable type Variable Details Coefficient Adjusted R² P-value
Dependent variable Fodder variable costs per head of livestock (€/head) Fodder-use intensity

Control variable Total small stock flock size in 2005 (heads) Controls for flock-size effect 0.09 0.37 0.0001
Independent variables (tested independently) Holding LFA subsidy -0.007 0.41 0.09
Holding ewe premium -0.004 0.40 0.12
Holding total livestock subsidies -0.003 0.42 0.07
LFA subsidy per head of livestock -1.5 0.37 0.31
Ewe premium per head of livestock Light multicollinearity (variance inflation factor = 10.64) -0.47 0.35 0.75
Total livestock subsidies per head of livestock Light multicollinearity (variance inflation factor = 10.43) -0.82 0.36 0.39