Table 1. Spearman rank correlation between land use and the percentage of human population in neighborhoods with below-average neighborhood bird diversity at the municipal district level.

Land use Correlation (rho)
Urban village center −0.16
Terraced houses −0.16
Prefabricated multistory housing estate 0.24°
Single and semi-detached houses −0.02
Tenement blocks 0.20
Villas −0.25°
City center 0.23
Industry and trade 0.08
Railway 0.35*
Major roads 0.13
Sports and recreation areas −0.07
Parks −0.14
Allotments −0.09
Cemeteries 0.15
Arable land −0.03
Grassland −0.42**
Forest −0.65***
Rivers and channels −0.66***
Lakes −0.51***

°p < 0.1, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.