Fig. 1. Example of a colocação, or individual homestead. Black lines represent dirt roads connecting households; blue lines represent waterways; purple lines represent a household’s rubber trails. The entire forest on the reserves is divided into household forest properties. It is allocated based on the number of rubber trails per property. Each trail is cut to maximize encounters with rubber and Brazil-nut trees and requires on average 100–125 ha of forest to create one forest extractive trail; the rubber trail unit itself accounts for approximately 10% of the forest. In the extractive reserve forest landscape, all forest is under active management and use. The sketch map is not drawn to scale, but is representative of a typical household’s landholdings.