Table 2. Perceived importance of certification on forest use per sector (%)a

Representatives of the forest sectorb Representatives of logging companiesc, the refinement industry Representatives of regional/local administration Representatives of local communities, including reindeer husbandry
Finnish case
(N = 18)
0 % 0 % 0 % 0 %
Karelia Republic
(N = 58)
14% 30% 20% 70%
Arkhangelsk region
(N = 53)
17% 20% 40% 56%
Komi Republic
(N = 68)
60% 5% 60% 75%
Swedish case
(N = 64)
94% 33% 17% 38%
a The table draws upon the relatively small percentages per group indicated in Table 1, and is thus indicative of opinions in the studies: they should not be assumed to represent the areas as a whole. Results in the table indicate the number of persons that either independently identified certification as an impact or saw it as having a large impact on them, reflecting the methodologies of the different studies.
b Forest owners and forest owners’ interest groups, state forestry units/forest companies.
c Subsidiaries in Russia.