Table 4. Farmers’ indigenous termite management practices in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, and Zambia

Control practices Districts Country (part of country) References
Destruction of mound and colony Balaka Malawi (southern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Katete, Chipata Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Tororo Uganda (eastern) Nyeko and Olubayo (2005)
Machakos Kenya (eastern) Malaret and Ngoru (1989)
S Gonder Ethiopia (northern) Jiru (2006)
Plant Euphorbia tirucali in field Balaka Malawi (southern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Tsangano Mozambique (northwest) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Chipata, Katete Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Kalomo, Choma, Monze Zambia (southern) Nkunika (1998)
Apply Bobgunnia madagascarensis Chipata, Katete Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Kalomo, Choma, Gwembe, Monze, Livingstone Zambia (southern) Nkunika (1998)
Spray Tephrosia extract Chipata Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Apply wood ash Chipata, Katete Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Kalomo, Gwembe, Monze, Mazabuka, Livingstone Zambia (southern) Nkunika (1998)
Machakos Kenya (eastern) Malaret and Ngoru (1989)
Tororo Uganda (eastern) Nyeko and Olubayo (2005)
Avoid earthing up (banking) Chiosha Malawi (central) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Chipata Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Minimum weeding Chipata Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Clean weeding Chipata Zambia (eastern) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Machakos Kenya (eastern) Malaret and Ngoru (1989)
Apply pork, meat, fat to attract ants Mapanje Mozambique (northwest) Sileshi et al. (2008)
Machakos Kenya (eastern) Malaret and Ngoru (1989)
Apply cow dung or urine Monze Zambia (southern) Nkunika (1998)
Machakos Kenya (eastern) Malaret and Ngoru (1989)