Table 3. Ten species used in the Pleasant Grove study to identify preferred habitat locations that include agricultural land. These species were selected because they were legally protected, could be used to assess landscape connectivity, or could use agricultural settings that could be restored to more suitable habitat.


Focal Species Reason for Selecting Federal Status California State Status
Tule elk (Cervus elaphus nannodes) Regional connectivity, landscape restoration    
Bobcat (Lynx rufus) Forest connectivity    
American badger (Taxidea taxus) Grassland area and connectivity   Species of special concern
Giant garter snake (Thamnophis gigas) Wetland area and connectivity, regulatory Threatened Threatened
Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni) Agricultural interface, regulatory   Threatened
Yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) Riparian forest area   Endangered
Sandhill crane (Grus canadensis) Waterfowl indicator, wildlife-friendly agriculture   Threatened
Tricolored blackbird (Agelaius tricolor) Wetland area, wildlife-friendly agriculture   Species of special concern
VELB (Desmocerus californicus dimorphus) Important regulatory species Threatened  
Vernal pool species Vernal pool area, regulatory Multiple endangered Multiple endangered