Table 1. Inherent and potential contributions of different design elements to different ecosystem services in intensively managed landscapes.

Landscape Features Ecosystem Services Total
Provisioning Regulating Cultural Performance
I* P** I P I P I P
Patches of native vegetation n*** $$ $$ $$$ $ $$ $$$ $$$$$$$
Vegetative buffers n $$ $$$ $$$ n $$ $$$ $$$$$$$
Natural or constructed wetlands n $$ $$$ $$$ $ $$$ $$$$ $$$$$$$$
Edible gardens $$$ $$$ $ $$ $ $$$ $$$$$ $$$$$$$$
Stormwater infiltration systems n $$ $$$ $$$ n $$ $$$ $$$$$$$
Waste treatment systems n $$ $$ $$$ $ $$ $$$ $$$$$$$


These relative contributions are presented from a conceptual perspective, but they could be replaced with direct and indirect monetary values where data are available for a given region.

*I = the relative inherent value typically provided by these landscape features for each category of ecosystem service

**P = the relative potential value these landscape features could provide if designed using the landscape multifunctionality approach

***Relative values are indicated by: n = none; $ = low; $$ = medium, and $$$ = high