APPENDIX 2. Ecosystem service values per habitat type for each state of land-cover.

Forage production (ha/LSU)
Carbon storage (tons/ha)
Habitat type
Pristine
Moderately degraded
Severely degraded
Pristine
Moderately degraded
Severely degraded

Freshwater stream & seepage areas
140
180
210
0
0
0
River & floodplain
60
80
120
0
0
0
Apronveld
54
70
90
0
0
0
Arid Proteoid
140
180
210
0
0
0
Arid Renosterveld
108
140
160
0
0
0
Arid Renosterveld Mosaics
72
95
110
0
0
0
Arid Thicket Mosaics
75
90
100
120
100
80
Arid Thicket with Spekboom
66
85
100
200
150
100
Arid Thicket with Spekboom Mosaics
70
90
100
200
150
100
Asbosveld
72
90
110
0
0
0
Asteraceous
108
120
160
0
0
0
Ericaceous
140
180
210
0
0
0
Gannaveld
60
85
110
0
0
0
Grassy
60
90
105
0
0
0
Gravel Apronveld
72
95
105
20
10
5
Kalkveld
54
80
95
0
0
0
Mesic Proteoid
140
180
210
0
0
0
Mesic Renosterveld
60
85
110
0
0
0
Mesic Renosterveld Mosaics
60
85
110
0
0
0
Quartz Apronveld
65
80
90
0
0
0
Quartz Asbosveld
72
90
110
0
0
0
Quartz Gannaveld
60
85
110
0
0
0
Randteveld
80
95
120
30
15
5
Restioid
108
120
160
0
0
0
Sandolien
72
95
120
0
0
0
Scholtzbosveld
72
95
110
0
0
0
Subalpine
140
180
210
0
0
0
Thicket Mosaics
72
90
110
50
40
30
Valley Thicket Mosaics
60
80
100
150
120
100
Valley Thicket with Spekboom
48
70
80
250
180
120
Valley Thicket with Spekboom Mosaics
55
75
90
250
180
120
Waboomveld
60
90
105
0
0
0
Note: Converted areas are assumed to produce none of the ecosystem service and thus the fourth class of land-cover, transformed, is not shown here.