Table 1. Characteristics of Hamilton County as compared to the average of all 15 Iowa counties located entirely or nearly entirely within the Des Moines Lobe geologic formation (USDA 2002, EWG 2006).

Characteristic (values for 2002 unless noted) Hamilton County Lobe average
Hectares 149,365 145,949
Total land in farms (%) 94 95
Cropland (%) 89 88
Land in harvested corn and soybeans (%) 84 82
Land in perennial cover types (%) 9 9
Land in government conservation programs (%) 2 2
Cattle and calves sold (number) 5701 16,564
Hogs and pigs sold (number) 1,270,158 556,630
Average size of farm (ha) 177 175
Median size of farm (ha) 96 107
Farms (number) 797 790
Corn and soybean subsidies 2005 (U.S. $) 26,582,426 24,581,155
Conservation subsidies 2005 (U.S. $) 1,913,244 1,619,051