Table 4. Judgments of forest practitioners on the importance of adaptation options to conserve biological diversity in the Champagne and Aishihik Traditional Territory for each of three scenarios: “current climate conditions,” “low scenario of future climate change by the 2050s,” and “high scenario of future climate change by the 2050s.” Scale of 1 to 10 (0 = no importance, 1 = low importance, 10 = high importance) or don’t know. Results shown are the average rank and standard deviation (s.d.) of participants who provided a ranking. The percentage of participants who agree or strongly agree with the statement “this management option is currently being practiced in the Yukon” is also provided. Adaptation options in bold are considered to be “no-regrets” (option is ranked 7 or higher across range of scenarios).


Adaptation Option Current Practice Current
Importance
Importance Considering Projected Change 2050s
Low Scenario High Scenario
(%) Average Rank
(s.d.)
Average Rank
(s.d.)
Average Rank
(s.d.)
Minimize fragmentation of habitat and maintain connectivity 60 7.1 (2.7) 7.5 (2.6) 7.8 (2.6)
Maintain representative forest types across environmental gradients in reserves 46 6.4 (2.7) 6.9 (2.8) 7.0 (3.0)
Protect primary forests (forests that are largely undisturbed by human activities) 37 6.0 (3.3) 6.1 (3.4) 6.5 (3.3)
Protect climate refugia at multiple scales 16 5.7 (3.5) 6.6 (3.3) 7.1 (3.4)
Identify and protect functional groups and keystone species 47 6.7 (2.8) 7.2 (2.4) 7.8 (2.4)
Maintain natural fire regimes 60 5.9 (3.0) 6.0 (3.2) 6.4 (3.1)
Provide buffer zones for adjustment of reserve boundaries 36 5.4 (3.5) 5.7 (3.6) 6.0 (3.7)
Create artificial reserves or arboreta to preserve rare species 20 4.6 (2.8) 5.3 (2.8) 5.8 (2.8)
Protect most highly threatened species ex situ 33 4.3 (3.2) 5.2 (3.3) 5.7 (3.4)
Develop a gene management program to maintain diverse gene pools 10 5.5 (2.8) 6.5 (2.8) 7.1 (2.9)
Allow forests to regenerate naturally following disturbance 90 5.1 (3.2) 4.9 (3.1) 5.1 (3.4)
Control invasive species 13 5.9 (3.0) 6.5 (3.0) 7.2 (3.2)
Practice low-intensity forestry and prevent conversion to plantations 50 5.6 (3.2) 5.9 (3.2) 6.1 (3.5)
Assist changes in the distribution of species by introducing them to new areas 33 3.6 (2.6) 4.7 (2.9) 5.7 (3.2)