Table 1. Judgments of forest practitioners on the degree of change in various attributes of environmental, social, and economic systems observed over the past 20 years in the Champagne and Aishihik Traditional Territory in response to recent climate warming. Scale of 1 to 10 (0 = no change, 1 = low, 10 =high) or don’t know. Results shown are the average rank and standard deviation (s.d.) of participants who provided a ranking and number of participants who indicated that they don’t know.


Climate Change Impact Average Rank
(s.d.)
Don’t
Know
Changes in the frequency, intensity, severity, or magnitude of forest fires 4.5 (3.4) 1
Changes in the frequency, intensity, severity, or magnitude of forest insect outbreaks 8.1 (2.4) 0
Changes in extreme weather events (heavy winds, lightning, winter storms, drought) 5.5 (2.4) 5
Changes in forest growth and productivity 4.9 (2.8) 3
Changes in phenology 5.0 (2.4) 8
Changes in wildlife species abundance, movement, and ranges 4.7 (2.6) 3
Changes in abundance and ranges of invasive species 5.0 (3.2) 5
Change in forest cover type 4.4 (3.1) 1
Changes in treeline 3.2 (2.6) 5
Changes in timber supply 5.4 (3.4) 2
Changes in the availability of non-timber forest products 3.4 (2.9) 8
Changes in land values and land-use options 4.7 (3.3) 3
Changes in economic opportunities 4.4 (3.20 1
Change in length of winter road season 5.2 (2.8) 7
Changes in livelihood 3.1 (2.4) 7