Table 3. Use of soil management technologies across the Chinyanja Triangle

Technology Percentage of farmers using technology Chi-square value
Malawi Zambia Mozambique Total
Crop rotation 52.1 85.9 39.4 56.6 66.674***
Incorporation of crop residue 46.5 34.1 85.4 52.3 82.972***
Animal manure 27.7 47.4 43.8 35.5 21.900***
Agroforestry trees 20.2 26.7 26.3 22.9 3.48
Resting land fallow 16.8 31.9 18.2 20.3 14.157***
Farmyard manure 38.2 18.5 20.4 30.1 25.795***
Soil erosion control 27.2 26.7 39.0 29.7 7.223**
Early ploughing 49.0 24.4 47.4 43.4 25.249
Cover crops 16.9 3.7 13.2 13.3 14.813***
Botanicals for pest and disease management 1.7 0.0 0.0 1.0 4.615**