Table 1. Principal factor analysis of social capital variables

Social Capital Variables[1] Underlying factors (Unobservable)
Factor 1: Bonding Factor 2: Gender Factor 3: Bridging and Linking
Training or participation in study tours - - -0.334
Membership in a farmer group - - 0.690
Membership in more than one farmer group - - 0.462
Participation in community activities 0.654 - -
Extent of trust among people 0.784 - -
Cooperation among people 0.848 - -
Extent of giving or exchanging gifts - - -
Extent of financial contribution for community activities - - -
Extent of financial contributions for farmer group activities - - -0.508
Spirit of helping others, especially the poor - - -
Extent of settling of conflicts 0.434 0.399 -
Extent of abiding by the norms and bylaws 0.397 0.475 -
Women having confidence to speak in public 0.670 -
Men’s respect for and consideration of ideas given by women - 0.787 -
Presence of extension worker in community - - 0.412

Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure = 0.753


[1] These are features of social organization that are observable.