Table 5. Logistic regression showing the relationship between FWLs’ household attributes and favorable attitudes toward the Changbai Mountain Biosphere Reserve (CMBR) (n =291)

Variable p Exp (B) 95.0% CI for Exp (B)
Lower Upper
Household cropland 0.002 0.121 0.031 0.466
Length of residency 0.749 0.890 0.435 1.818
Distance to the reserve 0.000 12.811 3.658 44.873
Migrant labor (yes) 0.059 1.717 0.225 2.284
Awareness of laws (yes) 0.882 1.071 0.431 2.662
Income from collection (no) 0.016 3.200 1.242 8.247
Household income 0.614 0.794 0.323 1.948
Perceived tourism benefit (yes) 0.999 0.557 0.000 0.330
Perceived loss (no) 0.008 2.533 1.356 6.016