Table 3. Attitudes of respondents toward the Changbai Mountain Biosphere Reserve (CMBR)

Question Answer Farmers
with land
Farmers without land Business owners Employees Chi-Square p
1. Have you received benefits from the conservation of the CMBR? Yes 0 (0) 55.3 (151) 100 (34) 74.5 (41) 41.628 < 0.001
No 100 (291) 44.7 (122) 0 (0) 25.5 (14)
2. Have you perceived loss due to the restrictive conservation of the CMBR? Yes 68.0 (198) 72.9 (199) 0 (0) 0 (0) 115.897 < 0.001
No 32.0 (93) 27.1 (74) 100 (34) 100 (55)
3. What attitude do you hold after balancing advantages with disadvantages? Welcome 39.6 (115) 18.4 (40) 100 (34) 100 (55) 60.105 < 0.001
Dislike 60.4 (176) 81.6 (223) 0 (0) 0 (0)

Effective sample size is given in parentheses. All numbers are percentages of surveyed respondents. p denotes level of significance.