Table 2. Farmers’ household profiles and coding used in logistic regression

Variables Farmers with land
(%)
Farmers without land
(%)
Household cropland
<2/3 ha (0)
>2/3 ha (1)
72.0 (210)
28.0 (89)
Length of residencys
<10 years (1)
10–20 years(2)
>20 years(3)
8.0 (23)
42.7 (124)
49.3 (144)
38.8 (106)
37.6 (103)
23.6 (64)
Distance to the reserves
< 4 km(1)
4–8 km (2)
>8 km (3)
44.0 (128)
20.0 (58)
36.0 (105)
40.0 (109)
60.0 (164)
0.0 (0)
Migrant labors
No (0)
Yes (1)

54.6 (159)
45.4 (132)

25.9 (71)
74.1 (202)
Awareness of laws ns
No (0)
Yes (1)

12.0 (35)
88.0 (256)

11.8 (32)
88.2 (241)
Income from collections
Yes (0)
No (1)

52.0 (151)
48.0 (140)

75.4 (206)
24.6 (67)
Household income ns
<10000 yuan (1)
10000–20000 yuan (2)
>20000 yuan (3)

65.3 (190)
22.6 (66)
12.1 (35)

57.6 (157)
34.1 (93)
8.3 (23)

The sample is composed of 291 farmers with land and 273 farmers without land. Significance levels for the Chi-square Test of Independence: ns = nonsignificant, sP < 0.001. Numbers in parentheses refer to coding used in logistic regression.