APPENDIX 1. The six broad land-cover categories are based on detailed land-cover maps from 1991 (Helmer et al. 2002) and 2000 (Gould et al. 2007). This table shows the land-cover categories from the previous studies that were combined to create the broad categories used in the present study. Accuracy for the classification of major land-cover types has been assessed at 83% and 85% for the 1991 and 2000 maps respectively (Helmer et al. 2002, Gould et al. 2007).

Reclassified
land cover
categories
 
1991
 
 
2000
 
Forests
Lowland dry semideciduous forest
Lowland dry alluvial semidecidous forest
Lowland dry seasonal evergreen sclerophyllous forest
Lowland dry limestone semideciduous forest
Lowland moist seasonal evergreen sclerophyllous forest
Lowland dry limestone cliffside semideciduous forest
Lowland moist seasonal evergreen forest
Lowland dry limestone volcanic semideciduous forest
Lowland moist coconut palm forest
Abandoned dry forest plantations
Lowland moist semi-deciduous forest
Lowland moist evergreen alluvial forest
Lowland moist seasonal evergreen and semi-deciduous forest
Moist limestone evergreen and semideciduous forest
Sub/lower montane wet evergreen sclerophyllous forest
Moist limestone shrubland and woodland
Submontane wet evergreen forest
Lowland moist evergreen volcanic forest
Lower montane wet evergreen forest/tall cloud forest
Lowland moist abandoned and active coffee plantations
Lower montane wet evergreen forest - mixed palm and
Lowland moist riparian forest
elfin cloud forest
Lowland dry riparian forest
Lower montane wet evergreen forest - elfin cloud forest
Montane wet evergreen alluvial forest
Tidally and semi-permanently flooded evergreen
Montane wet evergreen volcanic forest
sclerophyllous forest
Montane wet evergreen Tabonuco forest
Seasonally flooded rainforest
Montane wet evergreen Palo Colorado forest
Submontane and lower montane wet evergreen forest/shrub and
Montane wet evergreen Sierra Palm forest
active/abandoned coffee
Montane wet evergreen elfin woodland cloud forest
 
Montane wet evergreen serpentine forest
 
Montane wet evergreen abandoned/active coffee plantations
 
Mangrove forest
 
Fresh water pterocarpus swamp



Shrublands
Lowland dry semideciduous woodland/shrubland
Lowland dry riparian shrubland and woodland
Lowland dry mixed evergreen deciduous shrubland with succulents
Lowland dry limestone woodland and shrubland
Lowland moist evergreen hemisclerophylous shrubland
Lowland dry limestone shrubland
Lowland moist seasonal evergreen forest/shrub
Lowland dry cactus shrubland
Lowland moist semi-deciduous forest/shrub
Lowland dry limestone cliffside shrubland and woodland
Lowland moist seasonal evergreen - semi-deciduous forest/shrub
Lowland dryvolcanic shrubland and woodland
Sub/lower montane wet evergreen sclerophyllous forest/shrub
Coastal dwarf woodland and shrubland
Active sun/shade coffee, sub/lower montane wet forest/shrub
Dry and moist serpentine woodland and shrubland
Tidally flooded evergreen dwarf-shrubland and forb vegetation
Lowland moist alluvial shrubland and woodland
 
Lowland moist riparian shrubland and woodland
 
Lowland moist volcanic shrubland and woodland
 
Montane wet evergreen volcanic shrubland and woodland
 
Wet serpentine shrubland and woodland
 
Montane wet alluvial shrubland and woodland



Grasslands
Pasture
Dry grasslands and pastures
Other emergent wetlands (including seasonally flooded pasture)
Dry cactus grassland and shrublands
 
Emergent herbaceous nonsaline wetlands
 
Emergent herbaceous saline wetlands
 
Seasonally flooded herbaceous nonsaline wetlands
 
Seasonally flooded herbaceous saline wetlands



Agriculture
Agriculture/hay
Woody agriculture and plantations
Agriculture
Aquiculture



Urban area
Urban and barren
Urban develpoment
 
Artificial barrens



Sand and
Rock
Salt and mud flats
Salt and mud flats
Sand and Rock
Gravel and mixed sand beaches
 
Ripariand and other natural barrens
 
Rocky cliffs and shelves