Fig. 1. Examples of adaptive and maladaptive patterns in relation to an acute-onset disaster. Overall patterns reflecting resilience are shown with dashed lines. A = resistance, B= delayed breakdown, C = normal response and recovery, D = breakdown without recovery, E and F = positive transformation from higher and lower starting levels of adaptive functioning, G = persistent maladaptive pattern with disaster-related dip in functioning, and H = unresponsive maladaptive pattern, possibly indicating a floor effect.