Table 3. Percentages of respondents with particular socioeconomic and demographic characteristics in different residential areas: Ruka, Syötekylä, northern Kuusamo, southern Kuusamo, Sarajärvi, and downtown Kuusamo.

Socioeconomic/demographic characteristic Ruka Syötekylä Northern Kuusamo Southern Kuusamo Sarajärvi Downtown Kuusamo
Age
     20–44 yr 52.0% 20.6% 29.1% 17.5% 4.5% 36.5%
     45–64 yr 32.0% 50.0% 43.5% 46.0% 59.1% 36.5%
     65–90 yr 16.0% 29.4% 27.4% 36.5% 36.4% 27.0%
Level of education
     Higher education 36.0% 18.8% 16.7% 16.4% 9.3% 40.6%
     High school 40.0% 43.7% 16.7% 24.6% 37.2% 25.0%
     Elementary school 24.0% 37.5% 66.6% 59.0% 53.5% 34.4%
Primary occupation
     Entrepreneur 28.0% 17.6% 21.3% 19.1% 15.9% 7.7%
     Employee 44.0% 35.3% 26.2% 23.8% 15.9% 52.3%
     Pensioner 16.0% 35.3% 41.0% 49.2% 50.0% 30.8%
     Other 12.0% 11.8% 11.5% 7.9% 18.2% 9.2%
Gross annual household earnings
in Euros (average 15,504 Euros)
     Less than 15,000–45,000 8.6% 41.2% 34.0% 33.4% 63.9% 25.4%
     45,000–75,000 69.8% 47.1% 49.0% 58.3% 22.2% 52.4%
     More than 75,000 21.6% 11.8% 17.0% 8.3% 13.9% 22.2%
Indigenousness
     Native 41.7% 35.3% 55.6% 51.6% 61.4% 39.1%
     Returnee 8.3% 47.1% 25.4% 32.3% 13.6% 23.4%
     Newcomer 50.0% 17.6% 19.0% 16.1% 25.0% 37.5%
Land ownership
     Own land 50.0% 58.8% 77.6% 96.4% 23.3% 46.7%
     Do not own land 50.0% 41.2% 22.4% 3.6% 76.7% 53.3%

Donated land to nature conservation program
     Donated land 4.2% 14.7% 22.6% 25.0% 11.6% 9.2%
     Did not donate land 95.8% 85.3% 77.4% 75.0% 88.4% 90.8%
Income from tourism
     Main income from tourism 37.5% 18.2% 6.3% 3.2% 2.3% 4.6%
     Occasional income from tourism 29.2% 15.2% 20.6% 12.7% 6.8% 10.8%
     No income from tourism 33.3% 66.7% 73.0% 84.1% 90.9% 84.6%

Contact with tourists through work
     Frequent 56.6% 29.0% 13.5% 11.7% 0.0% 19.4%
     Infrequent 21.7% 35.5% 39.0% 26.6% 18.2% 38.7%
     Not at all 21.7% 35.5% 47.5% 61.7% 81.8% 41.9%
Effects of nature conservation on household economy
     Disadvantage 14.3% 7.2% 26.9% 25.4% 8.3% 22.5%
     No effect 66.7% 85.7% 65.4% 67.3% 77.8% 75.0%
     Benefit 19.0% 7.1% 7.7% 7.3% 13.9% 2.5%